Ex-presidentes e autoridades de 27 países temem tentativa de golpe no Brasil

Jair Bolsonaro em evento militar. Foto: Marcos Corrêa/PR

Ex-presidentes, parlamentares e autoridades de 27 países, incluindo o Brasil, assinam carta divulgada nesta segunda-feira (6) que coloca em alerta as manifestações pró-Bolsonaro marcadas para este 7 de Setembro.

Os 165 signatários apontam para possível insurreição que “colocará em perigo a democracia no Brasil”. Eles também avaliam que o presidente Jair Bolsonaro (sem partido) tem intensificado ataques às instituições democráticas e ameaçado cancelar as eleições presidenciais de 2022.

A carta cita as ameaças propagadas por Bolsonaro nas últimas semanas, como a declaração de que as eleições de 2022 podem não ocorrer se não houver a adoção do voto impresso.

“Agora, Bolsonaro convoca seus apoiadores para viajar a Brasília em 7 de setembro, num ato de intimidação das instituições democráticas do país”, diz um trecho do documento.

Assinam o manifesto os ex-presidentes Ernesto Samper, da Colômbia; Fernando Lugo, do Paraguai; Rafael Correa, do Equador; Martín Torrijos, do Panamá; o ex-primeiro ministro da Espanha José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero; entre outros.

Leia a íntegra:

“Nós, representantes eleitos e líderes de todo o mundo, soamos o alarme: Em 7 de setembro de 2021, uma possível insurreição colocará em perigo a democracia no Brasil.

Neste momento, o Presidente Jair Bolsonaro e seus aliados — incluindo grupos supremacistas brancos, a polícia militar e funcionários públicos em todos os níveis de governo — estão preparando uma marcha nacional contra o Supremo Tribunal Federal e o Congresso em 7 de setembro, aumentando os temores de um golpe de Estado na terceira maior democracia do mundo.

Bolsonaro tem intensificado seus ataques às instituições democráticas do Brasil nas últimas semanas. Em 10 de agosto, ele organizou um desfile militar sem precedentes pela capital, Brasília, e seus aliados no Congresso impulsionaram reformas radicais no sistema eleitoral do país, amplamente considerado um dos mais confiáveis do mundo. Bolsonaro e seu governo têm — repetidamente — ameaçado cancelar as eleições presidenciais de 2022 se o Congresso não aprovar essas reformas.

Agora, Bolsonaro convoca seus apoiadores para viajar a Brasília em 7 de setembro, num ato de intimidação das instituições democráticas do país. De acordo com uma mensagem compartilhada pelo presidente em 21 de agosto, a marcha está em preparação para um ‘necessário contragolpe’ contra o Congresso e o Supremo Tribunal Federal. A mensagem afirmava que a ‘Constituição comunista’ do Brasil havia retirado o poder de Bolsonaro, e acusava o ‘Poder Judiciário, a esquerda e todo um aparato, inclusive internacional, de interesses escusos’ ao conspirar contra ele.

Parlamentares do Brasil advertem que a mobilização de 7 de setembro tem sido moldada pela insurreição na capital dos EUA em 6 de janeiro de 2021, quando o então presidente Donald Trump incitou seus partidários a ‘parar o roubo’ com falsas alegações de fraude eleitoral nas eleições presidenciais de 2020.

Estamos profundamente preocupados com a ameaça iminente às instituições democráticas do Brasil — e estaremos vigilantes em defendê-las antes e depois de 7 de setembro. O povo brasileiro tem lutado durante décadas para garantir a democracia contra o domínio militar. Não devemos permitir que Bolsonaro os tire agora.

Assinado,

José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, Former Prime Minister, Spain
Fernando Lugo, Fmr President, Paraguay
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Nobel Laureate, Argentina
Noam Chomsky, Professor, USA
Yanis Varoufakis, Member of Parliament, Greece
Ernesto Samper, Fmr President, Colombia
Jeremy Corbyn, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Cori Bush, Member of the House of Representatives, USA
Jean-Luc Melenchon, Member of the National Assembly, France
Gustavo Petro, Senator, Colombia
Caroline Lucas, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Golriz Gharahman, Member of Parliament, New Zealand
Larissa Waters, Senator, Australia
Helmut Scholz, Member of the European Parliament, Germany
Manon Aubry, Member of the European Parliament, France
Gonzalo Winter, Member of the Chamber of Deputies, Chile
Heinz Bierbaum, President of the Party of the European Left, Germany
Ricardo Patiño, Fmr Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ecuador
Unai Sordo, General Secretary of Comisiones Obreras (CCOO), Spain
Cornel West, Professor, USA
María José Pizarro, Member of the House of Representatives, Colombia
Juan Somavía, Fmr Director-General of the International Labour Organization, Chile
Rafael Correa, Fmr President, Ecuador
Oscar Laborde, President of Mercosur Parliament, Argentina
Carlos Ramirez-Rosa, Member of the Chicago City Council, USA
Manuel Bompard, Member of the European Parliament, France
Rafael Michelini, Senator, Uruguay
Nelson Larzabal, Member of the Chamber of Representatives, Uruguay
Celso Amorim, Fmr Minister of Foreign Relations, Brazil
Ana Isabel Prera, Fmr Ambassador, Guatemala
Hugo Yasky, Secretary-General of Central de Trabajadores de la Argentina (CTA), Argentina
Mehreen Faruqi, Senator, Australia
Thierry Bodson, President of the Fédération Générale du Travail de Belgique (FGTB), Belgium
Denis de la Reussille, Member of the National Council, Switzerland
Marco Enriquez-Ominami, Fmr Member of the Chamber of Deputies, Chile
Aída García Naranjo, Fmr Minister of Women and Social Development, Peru
Jordon Steele-John, Senator, Australia
Martín Torrijos, Fmr President, Panamá
Liliam Kechichian, Senator, Uruguay
Nicolás Viera, Member of the Chamber of Representatives, Uruguay
Zarah Sultana, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Claudia Webbe, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Martin Buschmann, Member of EU Parliament, Germany
Kenny MacAskill, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Mick Whitley, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Marion Fellows, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Bell Ribeiro-Addy, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Mohammad Yasin, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Tony Lloyd, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
John McDonnell, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Kate Osborne, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Ian Byrne, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Pauline Bryan, Member of the House of Lords, United Kingdom
Lloyd Russell-Moyle, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Prem Sikka, Member of the House of Lords, United Kingdom
John Hendy, Member of the House of Lords, United Kingdom
Gerardo Pisarello, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Cecilia Britto, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Argentina
Gabriela Rivadeneria, Fmr President of National Assembly, Ecuador
Aina Vidal, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Daisy Tourné, Senator, Uruguay
Eric Calcagno, National Deputy, Argentina
Omar Plaini, Senator, Argentina
Marcela Aguiñaga, Fmr Minister of the Environment, Ecuador
Rafael Mayoral, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Fernanda Vallejo, National Deputy, Argentina
Idoia Villanueva, Member of the European Parliament, Spain
Lucía Muñoz Dalda, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Marita Perceval, Senator, Argentina
Ricardo Oviedo, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Argentina
Maite Mola, Vice-President of the Party of the European Left, Spain
Andres Arauz, Fmr Minister of Knowledge and Human Talent, Ecuador
Alicia Castro, Fmr Ambassador, Argentina
Adolfo Mendoza Leigue, Senator, Bolivia
Barry Gardiner, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Jon Cruddas, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Mary Kelly Foy, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Apsana Begum, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Maurizio Landini, General Secretary of Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro, Italy
Kim Johnson, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Diane Abbott, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Tahir Ali, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Sira Rego, Member of the European Parliament, Spain
Manu Pineda, Member of the European Parliament, Spain
Richard Burgon, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
Iván Cepeda Castro, Senator, Colombia
Daniel Caggiani, Fmr President of the Mercosur Parliament, Uruguay
Guillaume Long, Fmr Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ecuador
José Roselli, National Deputy, Argentina
Guillermo Carmona, National Deputy, Argentina
Arlindo Chinaglia, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Brazil
Paola Vega, Member of the Legislative Assembly, Costa Rica
Juan López de Uralde, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Monica Macha, National Deputy, Argentina
Martina Velarde, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Antònia Jover, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Daniel Martínez, Fmr Mayor of Montevideo, Uruguay
Ana Merelis, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Bolivia
Perpétua Almeida, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Brazil
Carlos Ominami, Fmr Senator, Chile
Hugo Martínez, Fmr Foreign Minister, El Salvador
Scott Ludlam, Fmr Senator, Australia
Leïla Chaibi, Member of the European Parliament, France
Saúl Ortega, Fmr President of the Mercosur Parliament, Venezuela
Mónica Xavier, Fmr Senator, Uruguay
Paulão, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Brazil
Cristina Alvarez Rodríguez, National Deputy, Argentina
Lia Veronica Caliva, National Deputy, Argentina
Fotini Bakadima, Member of Parliament, Greece
Ricardo Canese, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Paraguay
Héctor Fernández, National Deputy, Argentina
Alejandro Rusconi, International Relations Secretary of Movimiento Evita, Argentina
Amanda Della Ventura, Senator, Uruguay
Carlos López, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Argentina
Juan Carlos Alderete, National Deputy, Argentina
Ruth Buffalo, Member of the North Dakota House of Representatives, USA
Adrien Quatennens, Member of the National Assembly, France
Cristian Bello, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Argentina
Alberto Grillón, Fmr Senator, Paraguay
Jahiren Noriega Donoso, Member of the National Assembly, Ecuador
Carlos Sotelo, Fmr Senator, Mexico
Nanci Parrilli, Senator, Argentina
María Antonieta Saa Diaz, Member of the Chamber of Deputies, Chile
Marcia Covarrubias, Member of the Chamber of Deputies, Chile
Bettiana Díaz, Member of the Chamber of Representatives, Uruguay
Gastón Harispe, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Argentina
Ubaldo Aíta, Member of the Chamber of Representatives, Uruguay
Carolina Yutrovic, National Deputy, Argentina
Claudia Mix, Member of the Chamber of Deputies, Chile
Clara López, Fmr Minister of Labour, Colombia
Karol Cariola, Member of the Chamber of Deputies, Chile
Roser Maestro, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Mercedes Pérez, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Victoria Donda, National Deputy, Argentina
Benoît Martin, President of the Confédération Générale du Travail-Paris (CGT-Paris), France
Marisa Saavedra, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Miguel Bustamante, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Antón Gómez-Reino, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Pedro Antonio Honrubia, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Joan Mena, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Mar García Puig, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Txema Guijarro, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Pablo Echenique, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Sofía Castañón, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Javier Sanchez, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Pilar Garrido, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Ismael Cortés, Member of the Congress of Deputies, Spain
Julio Sotelo, Member of the Mercosur Parliament, Argentina
Florence Poznanski, National Secretary Parti de Gauche, France
John Ackerman, Professor, Mexico
Karina Oliva, Fmr Gubernatorial Candidate for the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, Chile
Florence Poznanski, National Executive Secretary of the Parti de Gauche, France
Jean-Christophe Sellin, Co-coordinator of the Parti de Gauche, France
Helene Lecacheux, Co-coordinator of the Parti de Gauche, France
Camilo Lagos, President of the Partido Progresista, Chile
Gibrán Ramírez Reyes, Professor, Mexico
Katu Arkonada, Network of Intellectuals in Defense of Humanity, Mexico
Eduardo Valdes, National Deputy, Argentina
Nora Del Valle Giménez, Senator, Argentina
Minou Tabarez Miraval, National Deputy, Dominican Republic
Yves Niveaux, Direction of the PST/POP, Switzerland
Marc Botenga, Member of EU Parliament, Belgium
Felipe Carballo, Diputado Nacional, Frente Amplio, Uruguay
José Miguel Insulza, Fmr Foreign Minister, Chile
Mathilde Pannot, Member of the National Assembly, France”

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